Article Details


Neoadjuvant Therapy for Patients with Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC)

[ Vol. 12 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Cornelia Liedtke and Achim Rody   Pages 73 - 80 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) are characterized by an unfavorable prognosis particularly when not responding well to anthracycline-taxane chemotherapy. This is due to a more aggressive biology in some cases but most importantly to a lack of agents other than conventional chemotherapy. Hence, there is an urgent need to optimize therapy of patients with TNBC in order to improve prognosis.

Objective: The objective of this review is to present the current understanding of TNBC biology and give an insight of current therapeutic concepts in the neoadjuvant treatment setting.

Method: Current literature has been selected based on a literature search and current therapeutic concepts are explained and commented on.

Results: Novel therapeutic concepts for patients with TNBC focus on a) chemotherapy optimization through alternate scheduling, dosing or alternative/additional chemotherapeutic agents, b) evaluation of novel targeted agents and c) identification of clinically relevant patient subgroups through prognostic/ predictive biomarkers to enable a more personalized treatment approach. Potential novel therapeutic targets include inhibition of Poly-A-Ribose-Polymerase (PARP), checkpoint inhibition and antiandrogenic agents.

Conclusion: Treatment of TNBC is currently been optimized both through optimization of chemotherapy and introduction of novel targeted agents which should enhance treatment response rates in the future.

Keywords:

BRCA1/2, checkpoint inhibition, chemotherapy PARP inhibition, platinum-salts, triple negative breast cancer.

Affiliation:

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Luebeck, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Luebeck

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