Giovanni Cuminetti, Ivano Bonadei, Enrico Vizzardi, Edoardo Sciatti and Roberto Lorusso* Pages 106 - 115 ( 10 )
Background: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the standard of care for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Debate exists concerning several factors, which include percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) vs. CABG, single vs. bilateral mammary artery grafts, radial artery vs. saphenous vein grafts, right internal mammary artery vs. radial artery grafts, endoscopic vs. open vein-graft harvesting, and on-pump vs. off- pump surgery.
Moreover, challenging is the management of diabetic patients with CAD undergoing CABG. This review reports current indications, practice patterns, and outcomes of CABG.
Methods: Randomized controlled trials comparing CABG to other therapeutical strategies for CAD were searched through MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, and proceedings of international meetings.
Results: Large multicenter randomized and observational studies (SYNTAX, BEST, PRECOMBAT, ASCERT) have reported excellent outcomes in CABG patients, with always fewer rates of operative mortality and major morbidity, than PCI. The 10-year follow-up of ARTS II trial showed no difference between single and bilateral mammary artery. BARI 2D, MASS II, CARDia, FREEDOM trials showed that CABG is the best choice for diabetic patients.
Conclusion: CABG still represents one of the most widespread major surgeries, with well-known benefits on symptoms and prognosis in patients with CAD. However, further studies and follow-up data are needed to validate these evidences.
Coronary artery bypass graft, coronary artery bypass grafting, extracorporeal circulation, minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation, on-pump surgical revascularization, diabetic patients.
Cardiology Unit, Department of Experimental and Applied Medicine, University of Brescia, Brescia, Cardiology Unit, Department of Experimental and Applied Medicine, University of Brescia, Brescia, Cardiology Unit, Department of Experimental and Applied Medicine, University of Brescia, Brescia, Cardiology Unit, Department of Experimental and Applied Medicine, University of Brescia, Brescia, Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Department, Heart & Vascular Centre, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht