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Risk Factors for Ischemic Heart Disease

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Andrea Bisciglia*, Vincenzo Pasceri, Diego Irini, Antonio Varveri and Giulio Speciale   Pages 86 - 94 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Several risk factors have been empirically linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Some of them are therapeutically amenable to modification; while others are not. Modifiable risk factors include physical inactivity, tobacco use, diet, “bad fats” in the blood, hypertension, and being overweight; while non-modifiable risk factors include the patient’s family history, the presence versus absence of diabetes mellitus, and demographic characteristics like age, gender, ethnicity, and socio-economic status.

Methods: In this article, we review those risk factors that are both clinically important and amenable to change.

Conclusion: To prevent cardiovascular disease, it is important to minimize modifiable risk factors, like LDL cholesterol.

Keywords:

Cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, LDL cholesterol.

Affiliation:

San Filippo Neri Hospital, Via Giovanni Martinotti, 20, 00135 Rome, San Filippo Neri Hospital, Via Giovanni Martinotti, 20, 00135 Rome, San Filippo Neri Hospital, Via Giovanni Martinotti, 20, 00135 Rome, San Filippo Neri Hospital, Via Giovanni Martinotti, 20, 00135 Rome, San Filippo Neri Hospital, Via Giovanni Martinotti, 20, 00135 Rome

Graphical Abstract:



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