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Management of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension During the COVID-19 Pandemic

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Ayman G. Elnahry* and Gehad A. Elnahry   Pages 122 - 125 ( 4 )

Abstract:


Background: In the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, health systems are struggling to prioritize care for affected patients; however, physicians globally are also attempting to maintain care for other less-threatening medical conditions that may lead to permanent disabilities if untreated. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a relatively common condition affecting young females that could lead to permanent blindness if not properly treated. In this article, we provide some insight and recommendations regarding the management of IIH during the pandemic.

Methods: The diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment methods of IIH during the COVID-19 pandemic period are reviewed. COVID-19, as a mimic of IIH, is also discussed.

Results: Diagnosis and follow-up of papilledema due to IIH during the COVID-19 pandemic can be facilitated by nonmydriatic fundus photography and optical coherence tomography. COVID-19 may mimic IIH by presenting as cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, papillophlebitis, or meningoencephalitis, so a high index of suspicion is required in these cases. When surgical treatment is indicated, optic nerve sheath fenestration may be the primary procedure of choice during the pandemic period.

Conclusion: IIH is a serious vision-threatening condition that could lead to permanent blindness and disability at a relatively young age if left untreated. It could be the first presentation of a COVID-19 infection. Certain precautions during the diagnosis and management of this condition could be taken that may allow appropriate care to be delivered to these patients while minimizing the risk of coronavirus infection.

Keywords:

COVID-19, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, nonmydriatic fundus photography, optic nerve sheath fenestration, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, papillophlebitis, meningoencephalitis.

Affiliation:

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo

Graphical Abstract:



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